Frameworks for Supervisory Control: Characterizing Relationships with Uninhabited Vehicles

Chris Miller


This article reports efforts to devise frameworks for quickly and easily characterizing 13 different supervisory control applications developed and tested by the international participants in a North Atlantic Treaty Organization working group on supervisory control of multiple uninhabited vehicles (UVs). Multiple prior frameworks for supervisory control are reviewed, and two novel ones (a more complex one involving seven descriptive parameters and a simpler one involving only two) are proposed that build on prior work. These frameworks are used to characterize the group’s technology demonstrations. The insights gleaned from each analysis are discussed in the context of the needs and technology usage assumptions shared by the group, along with the cost-benefit tradeoff of applying such frameworks.


Supervisory Control, Human-automation interaction, multiple uninhabited vehicles, Framework, Taxonomy, Fan Out, Intervention Demand, polar chart.

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